Auto manufacturers have realized that automation will be cost-efficient than human labor in producing automobiles. Robotic technology means no paying wages and accompanying costs like sick leave, health insurance, and taxes. Billions of dollars will be saved, and this is a proposition that many companies cannot decline.
At the moment, robotic machines are already in place to manufacture parts and assemble vehicles. Some of the most recent technology in the manufacturing sector is computer-driven software which operates from blueprints that are pre-programmed. There is still a demand for machine operators, but the jobs are not the same.
Below are some of the jobs that are likely to die when automation takes effect entirely.
1. Production Line Workers
The Toyota Company gives a clear insight of how automation will take jobs from humans. Companies are adapting robots to produce crankshafts, axles, and auto chassis parts. These robotic assembly lines are reducing the demand for workers significantly.
Quality of work done by robots is far much better than that done by humans (fewer defects and less waste). It will only take a short time for robotics to be perfected and fewer workers will be needed.
This job involves putting parts together to create sub-components of vehicles on an assembly line in a manufacturing plant. Very soon, automated machines will take over these jobs. With minimal training, these entry level jobs pay around $21 per hour.
3. Welders, Solderers, and Brazers
Automation makes it possible for robots to perform most of these welding tasks. Brazing, soldering, and welding jobs are becoming less each day as technology advances in the industry. New job descriptions are going to emerge, and they will require additional knowledge of the machine being used in the automated process.
CNC machinery is now able to create any part, flawlessly and in bulk with the pieces being identical. With this kind of technology, metal fabricators will barely have work to do.
5. Automotive Marketers
Marketing jobs will no longer require humans, but they will rely on automated systems involving internet technology. People can now order vehicles online via automated ordering systems.
6. Automotive Diagnosticians
Newer automobiles have incorporated a computer system to generate error reports. When connected to a diagnostic machine, error codes can be read and hence diagnosis of the problem via a computerized system with sophisticated software.
The demand for auto mechanics will never be at zero. However, most of the tasks they perform today will be automated. Just like a diagnostician, there is software capable of resetting the error code in a vehicle when a diagnostic has been run.
8. Automobile Tester
Automobiles are occasionally tested via automated systems to analyze their performance capacity and general quality. Computerized systems provide readouts of data for future analysis. Test drives are no longer necessary as analysis can be performed in the factory.
9. Taxi drivers
Self-driving vehicles are coming. Human drivers will become a thing of the past. Taxi drivers and Uber drivers will be forgotten in a few decades.
10. Truck Drivers
Delivery services will be replaced by self-driving trucks. The jobs that will probably be available are those of freight handlers.
Automation is slowly taking over. Although it is still far from perfect, there is steady progress, and it will not be long. Very soon, about 2 billion jobs will be lost worldwide to automation when it finally takes over.
When asked how he tells his kids to prepare for the future of working with artificial intelligence, Peter Norvig said, “I tell them… Wherever they will be working in 20 years probably doesn’t exist now. No sense training for it today. Be flexible,” he said, “and have the ability to learn new things.
Future of work experts and AI scientists believe that in the future there will be less full-time traditional jobs that require a single skill set, less routine administrative tasks, and less repetitive manual tasks—many jobs, then, will be all about “thinking” machines.
From managers to janitors, everyone will adopt new ways of doing their jobs with machines in the next 20 years or so to come. One issue that is not clear, however, is whether the technological revolution will create more employment opportunities than it will destroy.
According to Al Toby Walsh, copying (Al computer) code costs almost zero and takes as much time. He goes on to say that whoever thinks technology will create more job opportunities than it will destroy is lying to themselves because nobody knows for sure. The jobs that AI will create will be different from the ones that will be destroyed, and they will require entirely different skills.
Hamilton Calder, CEO of Committee for Economic Development Australia, thinks that everyone should learn to code. However, Mr. Charlton disagrees strongly. He is confident that you need not compete with machines to be successful in the future economy. Professor Walsh argues that, even though machines will be far better coders than humans, for geeks, there is a great future in inventing the future.
It is time that people stopped encouraging the young generation to work towards a ‘dream’ job, says CEO of FYA, Jan Owen. Nobody should focus on an individual job. Instead, people should aim at developing a transferable skill set which includes; digital and financial literacy, project management, collaboration and the ability to carefully evaluate and analyze information.
Robert Hillard, a managing partner at Deloitte Consulting, believes that future work will be divided into three categories;
• People who will work for machines like online store pickers and drivers.
• People who will work with machines like surgeons who will be using the help of machines to diagnose.
• People who will work on machines like designers and programmers.
The human-machine teams will unite AI algorithms with human skills like emotional intelligence and judgment. According to Mr. Hillard, jobs will increase, but they probably will not be better. Those that will be working for the machines will have the most difficult time.
Yes, being human is a skill that you could leverage for income. Computers barely have emotional intelligence. The social jobs that need emotional intelligence (marketing jobs, being a nurse, being a psychologist) are safe.
In the future, being human could be a job by giving services that machines cannot give—services in the caring economy, such as being empathetic. Some of these unpaid volunteering jobs could become “service jobs of love” in future.
Computers are not creative or imaginative. Surprisingly, some of the oldest jobs ever like being an artisan or a carpenter will be the most valuable ones. People would rather see something carved by a human as opposed to a machine.
Even with all the preparedness for future work, Mr. Dawson thinks that everyone should plan for themselves. Develop the skills that will be needed and always pay attention.