When asked how he tells his kids to prepare for the future of working with artificial intelligence, Peter Norvig said, “I tell them… Wherever they will be working in 20 years probably doesn’t exist now. No sense training for it today. Be flexible,” he said, “and have the ability to learn new things.
Future of work experts and AI scientists believe that in the future there will be less full-time traditional jobs that require a single skill set, less routine administrative tasks, and less repetitive manual tasks—many jobs, then, will be all about “thinking” machines.
From managers to janitors, everyone will adopt new ways of doing their jobs with machines in the next 20 years or so to come. One issue that is not clear, however, is whether the technological revolution will create more employment opportunities than it will destroy.
According to Al Toby Walsh, copying (Al computer) code costs almost zero and takes as much time. He goes on to say that whoever thinks technology will create more job opportunities than it will destroy is lying to themselves because nobody knows for sure. The jobs that AI will create will be different from the ones that will be destroyed, and they will require entirely different skills.
Hamilton Calder, CEO of Committee for Economic Development Australia, thinks that everyone should learn to code. However, Mr. Charlton disagrees strongly. He is confident that you need not compete with machines to be successful in the future economy. Professor Walsh argues that, even though machines will be far better coders than humans, for geeks, there is a great future in inventing the future.
It is time that people stopped encouraging the young generation to work towards a ‘dream’ job, says CEO of FYA, Jan Owen. Nobody should focus on an individual job. Instead, people should aim at developing a transferable skill set which includes; digital and financial literacy, project management, collaboration and the ability to carefully evaluate and analyze information.
Robert Hillard, a managing partner at Deloitte Consulting, believes that future work will be divided into three categories;
• People who will work for machines like online store pickers and drivers.
• People who will work with machines like surgeons who will be using the help of machines to diagnose.
• People who will work on machines like designers and programmers.
The human-machine teams will unite AI algorithms with human skills like emotional intelligence and judgment. According to Mr. Hillard, jobs will increase, but they probably will not be better. Those that will be working for the machines will have the most difficult time.
Yes, being human is a skill that you could leverage for income. Computers barely have emotional intelligence. The social jobs that need emotional intelligence (marketing jobs, being a nurse, being a psychologist) are safe.
In the future, being human could be a job by giving services that machines cannot give—services in the caring economy, such as being empathetic. Some of these unpaid volunteering jobs could become “service jobs of love” in future.
Computers are not creative or imaginative. Surprisingly, some of the oldest jobs ever like being an artisan or a carpenter will be the most valuable ones. People would rather see something carved by a human as opposed to a machine.
Even with all the preparedness for future work, Mr. Dawson thinks that everyone should plan for themselves. Develop the skills that will be needed and always pay attention.