Last September, Hans Vestberg, CEO of Verizon, declared that, “5G is here!” this was an exciting announcement.
5G Wireless is a detailed set of technologies defined as “Release 15” and “Release 16” by the 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project). 3GPP is some kind of organization made up of basically all telecommunications standards bodies from around the world. They share the 3G wireless definition and have agreed to go on from that point to successive generations.
Who Gets to Define 5G?
3GPP has the final say on which technologies are 5G Wireless and which ones are not. 5G is meant to come up with a sustainable industry of wireless data consumption. Its key goal is to significantly improve service quality and make that quality accessible by more people so that the wireless industry can continue to compete with Wi-Fi and gigabit fiber service. The 5G transition is more about ensuring the sustainability of the wireless industry than it is about speed.
New Business Models
The initial cost of infrastructure improvement will definitely be very high and consumers have made it clear that they do not appreciate rate hikes. Telcos will, therefore, have to provide new service classes to new segments of customers. 5G has already made provisions for this, they include:
- Fixed wireless data connectivity primarily in dense metropolitan areas
- Edge computing services
- Machine-to-machine communication services
- Video delivery services
Driving for Higher Yields
There are a number of technological projects that make up 5G and they will benefit customers as well as telcos. The efforts fall in either one of the following categories:
- Spectral efficiency
- Energy efficiency
When implementing 4G, telcos realized that different infrastructure grades are required to support different service classes. With 5G, there are three service grades and they can be customized to suit the different business models of customers:
Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) – this will be aimed at dense metropolitan centers with speeds of 300 Mbps outdoors and about 1 Gbps indoors. Extremely high-frequency mmWave (millimeter-wave) antennas will have to be installed.
Massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC) – this will be aimed at Internet of Things and machine-to-machine applications.
Ultra Reliable and Low Latency Communications (URLLC) – this will be focused on communications needs where speed is more important than bandwidth.
Plotting the Inflection Point
5G is a little different from previous networks which catered primarily to consumers; it is an inflection point to the industry from the consumer.
The 2019 release, “Release 16”, will outline specifications for:
- Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communications
- Satellite access
- Wireline convergence
Is the 5G Evolution Necessary?
5G Wireless aims at reducing expenses and increasing revenue from services. It will be a significant leap from 4G. The first wave of 5G services will be more of 4G extensions and will prepare users for 5G upgrades.
Cooling Made 5G an Urgent Necessity
The current costs of cooling are very high and cooling 4G equipment contributes significantly to global warming.